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Understanding trauma bonding and empowering you to improve your relationships

Updated: Aug 29


Trauma bonding can be incredibly complex and difficult to break. In this blog post, we will explore the concept of trauma bonding, their impact on individuals, and most importantly, how to break free from their grip. By understanding the dynamics at play and equipping ourselves with the necessary tools, we can embark on a journey towards healing and reclaiming our lives; as well as helping you in improving your relationships and solving relationship problems. Let's begin.


What is a Trauma Bond?

A trauma bond refers to a cycle of love and abuse within a relationship. Initially, the person experiencing the bond receives immense affection, attention, and love from their partner. However, over time, elements of abuse start to emerge, such as criticism and negative judgments. The insidious nature of this abuse lies in its subtlety and entwinement with moments of love and affection. Consequently, the recipient may struggle to identify the harmful behaviour, leading to confusion and rationalizations.


Why Do People Stay in Trauma-Bonded Relationships?

One of the most common questions posed by concerned friends and family is why individuals stay in these abusive relationships despite the obvious harm. Understanding the reasons behind this dependency is crucial for offering support and empathy. Several factors contribute to their reluctance to leave:

  1. Vulnerability and Self-Worth: People who fall into trauma-bonded relationships often have certain characteristics that make them more susceptible. Those who are highly empathetic, anxiously attached, or have experienced childhood trauma may be particularly vulnerable. They may question their self-worth and believe they are only lovable if they meet certain conditions set by their partner. The subtle blend of love and abuse further confuses their perception of what constitutes a healthy relationship.

  2. Confused Perception: Childhood experiences and a lack of healthy relationship templates can lead to confusion regarding what constitutes a healthy partnership. Trauma-bonded individuals may mistake toxic behaviour for love, as both elicit a physiological response of heightened arousal. This confusion blurs the line between healthy and harmful actions, making it difficult to break free from the cycle.

  3. Emotional Regulation: Both parties in a trauma-bonded relationship seek emotional regulation and safety. For the empathic individual, their dependency is rooted in anxiety and hyperarousal. They tirelessly work to please their partner, as the validation and approval they receive temporarily alleviate their anxiety. The narcissistic partner, on the other hand, relies on the relationship for emotional regulation through maintaining control and dominance.

  4. Practical Dependencies: Over time, the trauma-bonded person may become socially isolated and financially dependent on their abuser. This practical reliance exacerbates their sense of helplessness and reinforces their dependency on the relationship.

Breaking Free and Promoting Emotional Wellness: Empowering individuals in trauma-bonded relationships to seek help and break free is crucial for their emotional well-being. Encouraging therapy and providing a safe space for them to explore their self-worth can be transformative. It is essential to remind them that their infinite worth is not dependent on their partner's validation. Through therapy, they can develop a stronger sense of self and the independence to leave toxic relationships behind.


Understanding trauma bonds is key to supporting those in abusive relationships. By debunking misconceptions and offering insights into the reasons behind their dependency, we can extend compassion and aid the healing process. Remember, promoting emotional wellness starts with fostering a safe environment for individuals to recognize their self-worth, end self-sabotaging behaviour, and break free from the toxic cycle. Let us stand together to empower survivors of trauma bonds and promote healthier relationships.


If you found this useful, please do me 2 favours. Please have a look at my free e-book here which can help you improve your relationship and heal trauma bonding. Second, please share with other people who you feel would benefit from this - because the more people supported, the better our community can survive and heal.


As always, if you ever want to connect and gain support - I'm here.

All my love, Dr Sarah

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